Socket 478 — these six letters and three numbers evoke a pleasant feeling of nostalgia for someone, someone sheds a tear, someone hits the table with his fist, remembering freezes and brakes, someone will even think that this is an AMD platform, because Intel already 16 years using LGA layout. And the author will simply take and provide the s478 platform with the best possible body kit today. The manufacturer scrapped it already in 2004, releasing the LGA 775 platform, and we will charge it with 4 GB of DDR3-1066 memory, a GeForce GTX 680 video card and a modern SSD drive.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

About the motherboard

Before us is an unnamed board with an Intel G41 chipset, on the basis of which LGA775 should be based, this is evidenced by marks on the textolite, as well as the presence of cutouts for cooling systems of the same name. The chipset is perhaps the most modern element of this motherboard, it was released in 2008. It seems to be surprising, but in fact it imposes a lot of restrictions, in particular, the board accepts only the latest processors based on the Prescott core with an FSB of 800 MHz, the platform does not pass POST with processors based on Northwood and Willamette cores.

The power subsystem leaves much to be desired: two phases, which even at the factory settings manage to heat up over 100 degrees (without airflow). Realtek ALC662 (5.1 HD Audio) is responsible for the sound, Realtek RTL8105E (100 Mbps) is responsible for the network. Clocker — Winbond W81395CG-GS. Board Image Gallery:

About processor

One of the most advanced on the platform is the Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz (SL7PN, Prescott core, 800 MHz FSB, 1 MB L2 cache). Probably a hardened nomad, given his shabby appearance. The overclocking potential of this instance is 4.5 GHz when cooled with water, but this time it is not destined to see it in action.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

This is how it looks, next to AMD of those times, and modern Intel

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHzIntel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Test methodology and test benches

Temperature measurements were carried out using the HWInfo utility for 10 minutes. The room temperature was 24 degrees Celsius. The energy consumption of the platform was measured using a Feron TM55 energy meter for 10 minutes in each mode. Fan speed control is automatic. Benchmarks were passed at the default parameters on the presets indicated in the charts. Games were tested at HD resolution 1280×720 on low quality settings. Each test was run five times, the results are the arithmetic mean, the same goes for games with built-in benchmarks. In games without a built-in test, telemetry was recorded using the Riva Tuner Statistics Server. For DOTA 2, we used an excerpt from OG vs Liquid at The International 2019, Game 4, in-game time 19:45-21:15 on automatic camera. For CS:GO, a workshop map was used — FPS Benchmark, passing the test with default parameters. In Quake 4 — pure gameplay of the mission «Tram Hub Station», in Crysis 2 — the passage of the mission «Dead Man Walking».

Unfortunately, modern budget platforms have a minimum of two processor cores, this is not very fair against the background of the respected don Pentium 4, but it will not prevent the Pentium Gold G5400 from participating in the comparison in two modes: one core with Hyper-Threading at a frequency of 3.2 GHz ( identical frequency to P4), as well as full mode under standard conditions. We will not involve the modern AMD platform, but we will take the gray, unremarkable s478 platform on DDR and AGP, and also let the old s940 workstation prove itself again, however, for a fair fight, using a single Opteron 242 Sledgehammer processor (1 core without multithreading, 1 .6 GHz), which was released in 2003, almost like the test Prescott.

PIMPed Socket 478:

  • processor: Intel Pentium 4 SL7PN;
  • cooling: factory cooler Intel LGA775;
  • thermal interface: Arctic Cooling MX-4;
  • motherboard: Unknown Frankenstein;
  • memory: Mushkin Enhanced Redline 991805 x2 (2×2 GB, DDR3-1600 MHz, CL6-8-6-24-1T);
  • integrated video card: Intel GMA X4500;
  • discrete graphics card: Zotac GeForce GTX 680 2GB (ZT-60101-10P);
  • drive: Kingston SSDNow mS200 120GB (SMS200S3/120G);
  • power supply: Rosewill Hercules-1600S (1600 W).

Old School Socket 478:

  • processor: Intel Pentium 4 SL7PN;
  • cooling: factory cooler Intel s478;
  • thermal interface: Arctic Cooling MX-4;
  • motherboard: Gigabyte GA-8I875;
  • memory: Adata Vitesta DDR500 x4 (4×512 MB, DDR-500 MHz, CL3-4-4-8);
  • video card: Inno3D GeForce3 Titanium 200 Tornado;
  • drive: Kingston SSDNow mS200 120GB (SMS200S3/120G);
  • power supply: Rosewill Hercules-1600S (1600 W).

AMD Socket 940:

  • processor: single AMD Opteron 242;
  • cooling: AMD Wraith Prism;
  • thermal interface: Arctic Cooling MX-4;
  • motherboard: ASUS K8N-DL;
  • memory: Transcend TS128MLD72V4J x4 (4x1GB, DDR ECC REG 400 MHz, CL3-3-3-9);
  • video card: Zotac GeForce GTX 680 2GB (ZT-60101-10P);
  • drive: Kingston SSDNow mS200 120GB (SMS200S3/120G);
  • power supply: Rosewill Hercules-1600S (1600 W).

Modern LGA 1151v2:

  • processor: Intel Pentium Gold G5400;
  • cooling: Intel factory cooler (E97379-003, Delta);
  • thermal interface: Arctic Cooling MX-4;
  • motherboard: ASUS ROG Maximus XI Gene;
  • memory: HyperX Predator HX441C19PB3/8 x2 (2×8 GB, 4266 MHz, CL19-26-26-45-2T);
  • video card: Zotac GeForce GTX 680 2GB (ZT-60101-10P);
  • drive: Kingston KC2000 250GB (SKC2000M8250G);
  • power supply: Rosewill Hercules-1600S (1600 W).

Software: OS Microsoft Windows 10 LTSC (1809) x64, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate x32, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate x64, GeForce Driver 391.35 (x32/x64, for Windows 7/10); MSI Afterburner 4.6.2, RTSS 7.2.3, HWInfo 6.22.

Gallery of test participants:

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Life

To begin with, it is worth showing the uselessness of the Intel GMA X4500 IGP today:

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHzIntel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

This video card is suitable only for watching HD-video, there is no point in tormenting it with modern tasks, and even more so with games. Although the GeForce GTX 680 does not help much. Instead of the required ~200000 points in the test, it scored only 19735. There were attempts to launch the Radeon RX Vega 56 video card, but under no circumstances could the 32-bit driver be installed, although at least a validation screenshot is required.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHzIntel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Therefore, like last time, we will use the GeForce GTX 680. The gloomy engineering of Chongqing’s secret cellars made it possible to assemble our test bench in its current form, but did not allow overclocking. Maybe that’s why only Prescott processors are launched on the board, because if you tilt the bus to 199 or 201 MHz, the system freezes. Another argument in favor of the theory is that the clocker is capable of operating in the frequency range of 133–400 MHz.

How does a typical SSD behave on such a platform?

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

The power of the factory Prescott is not enough to unlock the full potential of the SSD, but it is enough to ensure minimal system drive delays.

Windows 10 cannot be installed, the processor does not support NX (Execute Disable Bit).

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

There are legends that there are specific models that support NX, but they are as rare as x64-capable s478 processors. And if there are three types of the latter — SL7Q8 Pentium 4 3.4GHz, SL7QB Pentium 4 3.2GHz, SL8JX Pentium 4 2.8GHz, all on the Prescott core, then there is only one processor supporting NX — the same SL8JX. Not the fastest, mind you. How about calling it a custom version for the client, like the Intel Blackops CPU?

When it comes to browsers, we will see the following picture:

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Almost double superiority of the Pentium Gold G5400 with identical frequency and one working core over the test subject, but don’t be in a hurry to laugh, look how the DDR3 memory size and speed helped, there is a gap from the Opteron and the canonical environment. By the way, about the canonical habitat, at the time of the relevance of the platform, it was impossible to find a motherboard with PCI Express support. Only after the release of LGA 775, our beloved crazy engineers ASRock and Biostar released specific solutions based on VIA chipsets with simultaneous support for DDR1/DDR2 memory and AGP/PCIe, as well as the more recent Intel 945GC and Intel G31 based only on DDR2 and PCIe. And the Frankenstein P4 Combo even now terrifies modern Intel marketers who reissue the socket over and over again. A gallery of such boards is attached:

AsRock P4 Combo, AsRock P4i945GC, AsRock P4Dual-915GL, AsRock P4Dual-880Pro, Biostar G31-M4, ITZR g41fbal2.

With a modern video card, you can safely watch Full HD videos, and YouTube in 720p. In the first case, the load on the CPU is low and keeps within 15-20%.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz
Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

1080p bust for the processor, almost 90% frame loss.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

For those who have forgotten, the maximum you can expect in Software Render mode is 480p, and this is the limit of possibilities, CPU usage is around 80%.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Since the GeForce GTX 680 is on board, let’s see how much the Pentium 4 can utilize the power.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Strongly … The factory GeForce GTX 680 scores at least ~ 7000 GPU Score points, but let’s look at it from the other side. You can, with an absolutely clear conscience, turn off the CO of any modern video card and not worry about overheating and noise, because the load is 10–20% of the maximum. In addition, the user will have a hardware detector of hidden mining by the GPU! Because the processor itself cannot load the video card in any significant way — a sharp acceleration of the turbine at 100% GPU load will immediately give itself away. What do you think, Elon Musk?

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

DDR3 memory in theory should significantly speed up the overall performance of the platform, but in fact it almost did not break away from DDR. Let’s analyze in detail on the example of the neighboring platform Socket 940:

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHzIntel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Advantage over reading and copying. Latency and recording are worse with DDR3. Intel’s approach, the placement of the memory controller in the NB, has an influence, which means that the system bus connecting the processor with the north bridge acted as a deterrent. There is no effect for SDR memory, it is almost not noticeable for DDR (it was already noticeable for servers and top-end kits), for DDR2 it is noticeable, but DDR3, let’s be honest, in no way. In the long term, this approach lost, the practical use of high-speed memory is minimal and specific. It’s good that Intel understood this, and already in LGA 1366/1156 we saw IMC inside the CPU (where at the same 800 MHz and JEDEC timings we could see average speeds of 8 GB/s). This is the speed you can develop using DDR memory:

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

The result of the Polish overclocker Woomack is 6.29 GB / s on average

Total, superiority in all respects over memory from the future. Half of the success was provided by the FSB at 1113 MHz, instead of the prescribed 800. No matter what Prescott memory you supply, its potential cannot be revealed without manual manipulations.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Power consumption and heating have never been the strengths of the Pentium 4, pumping the platform did not save the situation. Please note that the canonical platform uses a different video card, because. it cannot install a PCIe adapter.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Temperatures should have been cooler, but they have risen. The reason for this is definitely the nearby power phases, which significantly heat up the surrounding space and textolite.

Testing with benchmarks and games

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Let’s start with a comprehensive benchmark. Still, the upgraded Pentium 4 is helped by a faster SATA controller, more RAM and the presence of a GeForce GTX 680.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

An excellent illustration of the difference in the strength of one individual core through generations.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

In the case of archiving, the pumped P4 is better given compression than decompression, which is not typical.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

P4 feels very awkward in today’s world.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Games from the decade before last will most likely not run into problems if you don’t set the resolution to high.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

But can it run Crysis? — Nope. Unfortunately no. And in general, some games already immediately refuse to run. Here, for example, is the Dirt 3 error:

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

And today he has absolutely no chance.

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Intel Pentium 4 3.2GHz

Conclusion

In our time, there is very little sense from the Pentium 4, even being modernized it does not flourish, testing has dotted it all. We should pay tribute to the extreme adaptability of the platform, judge for yourself, Socket 478 has used five types of RAM — SDR, DDR, DDR2, DDR3, RIMM (Rambus). Perhaps no other can boast of such a thing. It’s great to entertain yourself with assembling an old computer for the price of a couple of cheeseburgers, but this is the only thing you can do with it now, because it is almost not suitable for solving today’s tasks …

Pentium 4

In the discussion of the material, I propose to choose a vector for the further development of materials of a similar plan. Towards the 90s, for example, Pentium Pro, dual Slot 1. Or towards the 10s, for example, dual LGA 771 or unlocking a 2-core Phenom into a 6-core.

Оставьте комментарий

Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *